In India, every year, hundreds of people are killed and seriously injured due to tragic fire accidents. Hundreds of crores’ worth of property is destroyed every year. Several fire-fighting personnel have also lost their lives to save the lives and property of others during tragic fires. As per a report, 2.16 lakh deaths were caused by fire accidents between 2006 and 2015 in India, in which nearly 64% of the victims were women. On an average, more than 20,000 deaths occur every year due to fire accidents. In theory, we accept that safety should be given first priority, but unfortunately, in reality, fire safety gets the last preference. Fire is absolutely unpredictable. We should not fool ourselves by assuming that a fire will never take place in our homes or housing complex. Fire can happen anywhere, at any time. We should accept the fact that only proper awareness and preventive measures can eliminate or reduce fire-related deaths, injuries and property loss. Given the importance of fire safety, an attempt has been made to prepare a structured, simple and basic reference guide to fire safety for homes and flats. Best efforts have been put in to make this guide book as simple as possible, without compromising on the basic details of fire safety, based on the latest materials available. The author sincerely believe that this book will be very useful as a basic reference document or guide for improving awareness, taking preventive measures and making proper plans to respond to any fire emergencies at homes, flats, and housing complexes. If proper precautions are not taken, you and your family members may have to pay a heavy price at any time. An earnest request: Be prepared, Stay safe.