Electricity is one of the key inputs for socio-economic development. Efficient provision of electricity contributes to poverty reduction by fueling economic growth and enabling the fulfillment of the basic human needs of health and education. Provision of electricity is thus crucial for improving living standards, supporting development and job opportunities and fostering social activities. To meet the challenges of ever-increasing demand for electricity different models for reforming the power sector have been adopted in India. The initiation of reforms in the Electricity Sector in early 1990s, started with the aim of liberalizing the generation sector with the commencement of the independent power projects (IPP) policy. Following a decade of energy sector reforms in India, it is appropriate to ask the extent to which these reforms have benefited the power sector. This book analyses the impact of power sector reforms on Indian electricity generating companies through the selected application of benchmarking technique essential to calculate the performance indicators efficiency and productivity based on the performance indicators. This performance appraisal of generation companies would play a crucial role in defining regulatory policies. In a scenario of power shortage, the foremost objective is the optimum utilization of available power generation capacity. This matching of generation with demand can be better achieved only through proper and efficient working of the utilities. In short, the book focused on offering a way for developing an outline for incentives for utility efficiency and productivity levels through the introduction of competition among the utilities by providing suitable performance and cost benchmarks.
This book will be useful for the Drug target identification and validation of the target in cancer diseases this book is mainly targeted to research students ,and researchers
Tuberculosis is a disease affecting human beings since time immemorial. It is one of the biggest challenges to mankind, even after 100 years of its discovery. This epidemic is threatening today in the form of resistant tuberculosis. Tuberculous lymphadenitis is a common presentation of this disease, with HIV increasing the incidence as well as prevalence. The main aim of this research was to study the outcome of peripheral tubercular lymphadenopathy in both groups, compare the factors affecting outcome, and study the extent of drug toxicity in both groups.We reviewed the literature in systemic manner from as early as 1950’s to the latest research studies. The review of literature, observations, and discussion was done for various risk factors like Age, Sex, Symptomatology, Site, Cytomorphological features, Tuberculin Test, Outcome of Treatment, Favourable – Unfavourable Events, and Drug Toxicity. The important findings of the study can be summarized as follows: Maximum numbers of patients – 40% – were in the age group 21-30, with a majority of them being males – 55%. The commonest symptom was fever, found in 55% patients. Cervical/supraclavicular was the commonest site, most of them tuberculin positive. During the course of treatment, 28.45% developed cold abscess. Drug toxicity in the form of hepatitis, neuropathy, and gastritis was found to be more in their daily regimen. The treatment completion was slightly higher in directly observed treatment. The unfavourable outcomes were slightly higher in daily regimen. These findings suggested that supervised chemotherapy is similar and satisfactory as compared to daily regimen. The supervised intermittent chemotherapy showed better case holding, improving the treatment completion and resulting in favourable outcomes in patient.